Sodium is a vital mineral and one of the most crucial and plentiful electrolytes in our bodies. It is involved in several bodily functions, including the regulation of fluid balance, blood pressure, muscle function, and the transmission of nerve impulses. For example, sodium transmission inhibition is the mechanism behind anaesthetics used to reduce sensation in your skin. Sodium is found in various types of food, but it is most commonly found in regular table salt. Owing to the high prevalence of salt in processed foods, along with a widespread habit of adding salt to many meals, many people are believed to consume more sodium than the daily recommendations suggest. However, potassium ions can work in conjunction with sodium ions, offsetting the negative effects and helping to establish optimal mineral levels for healthy fluid balance.
Normal sodium levels indicate a balance in electrolytes and suggest well-regulated fluid balance, blood pressure, muscle function, and normal nerve impulse transmission. Being informed about sodium's role in the body can empower us to make healthier choices that benefit our overall well-being.
Low sodium levels, also known as hyponatremia, can both cause and result from an imbalance in body fluids. The most common cause of low sodium is high fluid intake, which dilutes the blood, and sodium along with it. Some common circumstances that might result in excessive loss of sodium include heavy sweating, vomiting, and diarrhoea.
Symptoms of low sodium levels may vary and are always individual, but several common symptoms in men with reduced sodium levels include:
Nausea and vomiting
When you lose water from your body, you also lose some essential minerals and electrolytes, such as potassium and magnesium. To keep functioning optimally, you need to replace the sodium you’ve lost, just as you would the water.
The right amount of sodium in your body helps to regulate the optimal amount of water moving into and out of your cells. Salt is essential to hydration and it’s crucial to rehydration. Being knowledgeable about these physiological processes enables us to take better care of our health.